INTRODUCTION OF POSTAL SERVICE

Nepal Post is considered as one of the oldest governmental service organizations in the country, which started postal services formally through the post offices for the first time in 1878 AD when it was established. It was called Nepal Hulak Ghar (General Post Office) while it was established. It was started from Kathmandu for dealing with letters from the public. After three years of its establishment, Nepal Hulak Ghar had expanded to 43 post offices in different parts of the country. Customers had to pay the postal charges in cash during those days. The cash payment (postage paying) system was replaced in 1881 after three types of postage stamps of one, two, and three Annas (fraction of Rupee) value were published and brought into use. Similarly, from  1887,  post  cards  of  two  Paisa  (0.02  fraction  of  a  Rupee)  value  were  brought  into  use.

Postal service is not only an oldest means of communication; it is a basic service easily available to the people including the most backward segment due to its affordability. As the post has had the crucial role in uniting the family, friendship and diversity of the country together, it was the only reliable and dependable means  of  communications  and  was  deep  rooted  in  Nepalese  society  until  1950  A.D.

After the termination of Rana regime, with the dawn of democracy in 1951, successive efforts were made for the expansion and development of postal services. By that time, there were 124 post offices in operation. Following the emergence of democratic polity in 1951 this sector deserved greater priority for its development and expansion, and this resulted into fabulous increment having 3,997 post offices altogether.

Nepal became member to the Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 11 October, 1956 (Ottawa Congress) and entered to the global network of the posts. In 1974, Nepal signed the UPU Parcel Post Agreement. Nepal took membership of the Asian-Pacific Postal Union in 1982. After the restoration of multiparty democracy in the country in 1990, a new and comprehensive National Communication Policy, 1992 was brought forward by the government. This policy had accepted the need of autonomous postal authority to be sharp and effective in the era of globalization and competitive market.

The tremendous growth of modern communication technologies has started affecting the traditional business of the Post. Now, writing letters and sending through post is decreasing gradually. This caused the reduction in the regular task of postal service. To overcome from this negative effect, Nepal post started to operate other valuable services such as money transfer, Postal saving bank, remittance, tele-center, e-post and alike.

Today, Postal Services Department is one of the largest employer organizations in Nepal which works under the Ministry of Information and Communications (MOIC). Director General is the Chief Executive of the Department, who is responsible for the overall management and operation of postal business and services. He has the responsibility to handle all Priority Mail, Secondary Mail, Parcel, Financial Service, EMS, Post Box services, Philately etc.

Besides, the domestic mail and other agency services Nepal Post dispatches direct closed letter mail to 33 countries and closed parcel mails to 11 countries. Nepal Post Operates EMS service, both domestic and International and there are 38 countries linked directly with this service. Domestic Express Mail Service (EMS) was introduced in 1991 while the International Express Mail commenced in 1995. Nepal signed Postal Payment Service Agreement of Universal Postal Union (UPU) in 2004 during the Bucharest Congress of UPU. Similarly, the international money order was extended with seven countries.